The Council voted 6-2 for the raise Monday, with all Democrats backing the measure. Opponents must collect 34,000 signatures over the next month to put the increase on hold until a referendum in June 2016.
If opponents fail to gather enough signatures, the hourly minimum wage will gradually increase from $9 currently to $11.50 in 2017.
Republican Mayor Kevin Faulconer vetoed the measure earlier this month, saying it was bad economic policy.
It's the latest city to try to lift wages. San Francisco voters will decide in November whether to raise that city's minimum wage to $15 an hour.
Read more from the Associated Press at the Sacramento Bee